Why should I have a VGA adapter built-in?
So what do I need?
So what pin goes where?
Now that the Falcon is inside its tower case, you may (or may not) find it convenient to have a VGA connector directly at the back panel. Especially if you're unlikely to ever hooking your Falcon up to anything but a VGA monitor, it could be a good thing. In case you suspect you will want to run software in TV mode, you would then need to add a switch to your adapter. I however settled for a straight forward VGA adapter.
If you wish to make a plain VGA adapter you need the following:
After getting hold of the necessary components you need to connect the pins from the D-SUB to the correct pins on the HD-15 connector. Below you'll see a picture showing a schematic picture of the connectors. The description was originally aimed at making a multisync adapter but if you just connect pin#19 on the D-SUB to any of the GND pins on the HD-15, you will have a simple VGA adapter. In this case, you should of course disregard everything regarding the switch in the description below.
NOTE: Below is the text that originally was included with the archive containing the above picture.
Hello fellow Falconites! Here is a plan for making your very own
Multi-sync adapter/switcher for the Falcon030. I've been using my
original prototype for months now, and I wanted to share it with
Be Warned! This adapter has one purpose only, and that is to adapt an
ST compatible Multi-sync to the Falcon. It will not enhance the use
of a VGA monitor, and may damage it with sync-rates it cannot use.
However, if you have a Multi-sync, it will allow you to use all the
1224/TV modes on it as well as VGA modes.
******* READ THIS! *******
I take NO responsibility for damage to anyone's Falcon, Monitor, or
Sanity as a result of this information. I encourage you to verify my
data and DO NOT attempt this unless you are familiar with soldering
(especially cable-making). TURN OFF your monitor and Falcon prior to
connecting this device, and TURN OFF your Falcon IMMEDIATELY if it
does not work as expected, and recheck your work.
Okay, with that out of the way, let me describe what this thing does.
The Falcon's new enhanced video port has 2 pins that inform the
machine of the monitor connected. These are Monitor Select 1 and 0.
These are the possibilities:
M1 M0 Monitor type
0 0 ST Monochrome
0 1 ST Color
1 0 VGA
1 1 TV
Now, the Atari adapter that you connect to the Falcon pulls down
these pins. If there is no adapter, the pins remain high signaling TV
mode. The 2 modes we want to emulate on the Multi-sync are ST color
and VGA (We can select ST Monochrome from the Set Video menu already).
First we need to construct a simple VGA adapter as follows:
Falcon 030 pin (DB19)|VGA pin (HD15)
Red 1 | 1
Green 2 | 2
Blue 3 | 3
Ground 5 | 5 *
Red Ground 6 | 6
Green Ground 7 | 7
Blue Ground 8 | 8
Ground 10 |10
Ground 11 | 5 *
Hsync 13 |13
Vsync 14 |14
Note that I used all the ground pins in the video port and I tied 2
of them (*) to the same VGA pin. All this grounding may not be
necessary, but I wanted the cleanest signal possible.
Now, we need to make use of the monitor select lines to choose our
mode. I used a SPDT switch and wired it this way:
|_______| Bry's amazing rendition of a toggle slide switch.
| | |
1 2 3
Falcon Pin|Switch Pin
M1 18| 1 (throw)
M0 19| 3 (throw)
GND 11| 2 (pole)
This will alternately pull M0 and M1 low, resulting in a selection of
ST Color and VGA mode.
I constructed my adapter using a 12 conductor wire with shield, but
you may use as few as 9 if you tie the grounds together. I do not
reccomend tying R,G and B grounds into the same wire. You may not
need shielded wire if you use a short length (my adapter is about 6
inches long). I got a mini slide switch from Radio Shack and mounted
it in the DB 19 hood. If you do this, you must be careful to route
wires around the switch when assembling the hood, and the switch must
be placed away from the DB19 connector, so it does not get in the way
of the solder cups. Basically, plan out your construction, because
those DB19 hoods are hard to come by (order 2 to allow for mistakes!).
** Using the Adapter **
The Falcon TOS looks to M0 and M1 upon boot-up and everytime a
program does a Setscreen (a change of video mode), so this switch
can be flipped on the fly for programs that only run on a certain
monitor. One example is the PLASMA30.PRG demo. If you are in VGA
mode, it will not set the correct screen, and will look distorted,
however, if you flip the switch before running it, the next Setscreen
call made by the demo will choose a 1224 mode correctly. This gives
you the most from your Multi-sync monitor: The ability to select any
mode the Falcon can do.
Feel free to send comments, questions, and ESPECIALLY errors to:
DB9/HD15 hood, Toggle switch - Radio Shack
DB19 female solder connector, HD15 female solder connector,
DB19 Hood - Best Electronics
Misc... 9+ conductor wire.
See included picture for more detail.
So what do I need?
So what pin goes where?